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 MEDICAL

There are various drugs for the treatment of different diseases.

The Liver diseases have been listed down in alphabetical order. Click on the alphabet to read more about the diseases.

 
A
B
 
Thalassemia Contraindications and side effects of medications
Thrombophilia Type 1 glycogen storage disease (Von Gierke's disease)
Hereditary Tyrosinemia Type 1  
 

Thalassemia

Treatment Indication Dose
Deferoxamine Removes excess iron from the bloodstream

2 grams by subcutaneous administration given over 10-12 hours about 250 nights a year

   

Contraindications and side effects of medications
No such condition exists à probably referring to Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Medication Reasons not to take this medicine Side effects
Pancrelipase If you have an allergy to pancrelipase, pork, or any other part of the medicine.

If you have any irritation of your pancreas.

Belly pain.

Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

Diarrhea.

Levothyroxine If you have an allergy to levothyroxine or any other part of this medicine.

If you have any of the following conditions: Overactive thyroid gland, recent heart attack, or weak adrenal gland.
Unexplained change in appetite.

Unexplained change in weight.

Fast heartbeat.

Nervous and excitable.

Inability to sleep.

Shakiness.

Sensitive to heat.

Excessive sweating.

Headache.

Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

Diarrhea.

Irritable.

Leg cramps.
Metoclopramide If you have an allergy to metoclopramide or any other part of this medicine.

Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

If you have any of the following conditions: Gastrointestinal bleeding, hole in the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal blockage, pheochromocytoma, or seizures.

If you are breast-feeding.
Headache.

Belly pain.

Diarrhea.
Deferoxamine If you have an allergy to deferoxamine or any other part of this medicine.

If you have severe kidney disease.

If you have hemochromatosis.
Low blood pressure.

Swelling of hands and feet.

Fever.

Headache.

Dizziness.

Belly pain.

Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

Worsening of kidney function.

Hearing loss, ringing in the ears.

Blurry vision.
   

Thrombophilia

Treatment Indication Dose
Unfractionated heparin Used when a blood clot from the leg breaks off into the bloodstream and enters the lungs (pulmonary embolism)

80 units per kg of body weight by intravenous administration followed by continuous infusion of 18 units per kg per hour by intravenous administration for 5 days or until INR value is between 2 and 3.

Low molecular weight heparin An alternative to unfractionated heparin for treatment of a blood clot from the leg that has broken off into the bloodstream and entered the lungs (pulmonary embolism) 1 mg per kg of body weight by mouth every 12 hours.Alternative is 1.5 mg per kg of body weight by mouth once daily until INR value is between 2 and 3.
Warfarin Used in acute treatment of pulmonary embolism as well as to prevent formation of blood clots. 2-5 mg by intravenous administration once daily or 5-10 mg by mouth once daily for 2 days then adjust dose to maintain INR between 2 and 3.
   

Type 1 glycogen storage disease (Von Gierke's disease)

Treatment Indication Dose
Allopurinol Used to lower blood levels of uric acid when it is elevated.

200-600 mg by mouth once daily.

Bicarbonate Decreases high levels of lactic acid in the blood and also decreases the risk of kidney stones. For lactic acidosis, give 2-5 milliequivalents per kg of body weight by intravenous administration over 4-8 hours; subsequent doses should be based on patient's acid-base status.For urine alkalinization, give 4 by mouth then 12-24 milliequivalents (1-2 g) every 4 hours and adjust to maintain desired urine pH.
Potassium citrate Decreases the risk of kidney stones. 5 to 10 milliequivalents by mouth twice a day.
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor Used to reduce deterioration of kidney function. Varies based on individual drug.
Granulocyte colony stimulating factor Used in patients with very low levels of white blood cells needed to fight infections. 5-10 mcg per kg of body weight by mouth once daily for up to 14 days until Absolute neutrophil count = 10,000/mm3.
   

Hereditary Tyrosinemia Type 1

Treatment Indication Dose
Nitisinone Improves symptoms and reduces the risk of developing liver cancer.

1-2 mg per kg of body weight twice a day.

   


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