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 MEDICAL

There are various drugs for the treatment of different diseases.

The Liver diseases have been listed down in alphabetical order. Click on the alphabet to read more about the diseases.

 
A
B
 
Biliary Atresia Budd-Chiari Syndrome
Byler disease Contraindications and side-effects of medications
 

Biliary Atresia

No medications indicated for this condition

Budd-Chiari Syndrome

Treatment Indication Dose
Spironolactone Drugs that increase urination can help control symptoms of fluid retention (leg and abdominal swelling). Typically, a combination with furosemide is preferred

100-400 mg by mouth once daily

Furosemide Drugs that increase urination can help control symptoms of fluid retention (leg and abdominal swelling). Typically, a combination with spironolactone is preferred 40-160 mg by mouth once daily
Anticoagulants (Heparin, low molecular weight heparin, and warfarin) Indicated in patients in whom the underlying cause is a hypercoaguable state (blood that has a tendency to clot).  
tPA (tissue plasminogen activator)
This medication is a thrombolytic (breaks up blood clots). It is indicated only in patients with blood clots less than 3-4 weeks old. It is not very commonly used because of the high risk of bleeding, strokes, and blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism) 0.02-0.1 mg/ per kg per hour of body weight by intravenous administration for up to 36 hours
   

Byler Disease

Unfortunately, treatment options for this condition are limited



Contraindications and side-effects of medications

Medication Reasons not to take this medicine Side-effects
Azothioprine - If you have an allergy to azothiprine or any other part of this medicine.

- If you are pregnant.

- Fevers, chills

- Hair loss

- Rash

- Low blood cell counts. Monitor blood cell counts regularly if taking this medication

- Joint and muscle weakness

- Eye irritation

- Risk of infection. Avoid people with infections, colds, or flu

- Belly pain. Call your physician in case of sudden onset of severe belly pain, since this may indicate a problem with the pancreas

- Worsening liver function in some patients

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help

Corticosteroids - If you have an allergy to prednisone or any other part of this medicine.

- If you have a severe infection.
- High blood sugar. Can cause diabetes mellitus while on medicine, usually reverses when stopped.

- Risk of infection. Avoid people with infections, colds, or flu.

- Belly pain.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Weight gain.

- Change in body fat distribution.

- Weakened bones.

- Muscle weakness.

- Skin changes (acne, stretch marks, slow healing, hair growth).

- For females, vaginal yeast infection. Report itching or discharge.

- Cataracts or glaucoma with long-term use.
Cyclosporine - If you have an allergy to cyclosporine or any other part of this medicine.

- If you have any of the following conditions: Cancer, eye infection, psoriasis and are taking light therapy, poor kidney function, rheumatoid arthritis, or uncontrolled high blood pressure.

- If you are taking methotrexate, other medicines that weaken your immune system, coal tar, or radiation therapy.

- If you are breast-feeding.
- High blood pressure.

- Worsening kidney function.

- Risk of infection. Avoid people with infections, colds, or flu.

- Headache.

- Belly pain.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Diarrhea.

- Hair growth.

- Eye irritation.
Furosemide - If you have an allergy to furosemide or any other part of this medicine.

- If you have a sulfonamide ("sulfa") allergy, talk with healthcare provider.

- If you have any of the following conditions: Coma from liver disease, kidney disease, liver disease, low calcium levels, low magnesium levels, or low potassium levels.
- Feeling dizzy.
Rise slowly over several minutes from sitting or lying position. Be careful climbing.

- Belly pain.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Constipation. More liquids, regular exercise, or a fiber-containing diet may help. Talk with healthcare provider about a stool softener or laxative.

- Diarrhea with high doses.
Infliximab - If you have an allergy to infliximab or any other part of this medicine.

- If you are allergic to mouse proteins, talk with healthcare provider.

- If you have a severely weakened heart.

- If you are breast-feeding.
- Risk of infection. Avoid people with infections, colds, or flu.

- Fever, chills, itching, hives, chest pain or pressure, or shortness of breath during infusion.

- Headache.

- Belly pain.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Diarrhea.

- Cough.

- In fistula patients, an abscess can rarely occur.
Pentoxifylline - If you have an allergy to pentoxyfilline or any other part of this medicine - Belly pain.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Chest pain, irregular heartbeat.

- Shortness of breath.

- Anxiety.

- Blurry vision, conjunctivitisRash.

- Low blood cell counts. Monitor blood cell counts regularly if you are on this medication.

- Drowsiness, flushing

- Dizziness
tPA - If you have an allergy to tPA or any part of this medicine.

- High risk of bleeding
- Bleeding from cuts, gums, wounds, or site of injection.

- Bleeding inside the body.

- Very low blood pressure.

- Fever
Ursodeoxycholic acid - Allergy (hypersensitivity) to ursodiol, bile acids, or any component of the formulation - Headache

- Dizziness

- Constipation

- Rash

- Hair loss
- Low blood cell counts. Monitor blood cell counts regularly if you are on this medication.

- Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

- Itching
   

 

 

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